Béla Bartók (1881–1945) was a Hungarian composer and pianist. He is considered one of the most important composers of the 20th century and is regarded, along with Liszt, as Hungary's greatest composer. Through his collection and analytical study of folk music, he was one of the founders of ethnomusicology.
Frédéric Chopin (1810-1849) was a Polish composer and virtuoso pianist of French-Polish parentage. He is considered one of the great masters of Romantic music. From 1837 to 1847 he carried on a relationship with the French writer Amantine Dupin (a.k.a. George Sand). For most of his life, Chopin suffered from poor health; he died in Paris at age 39. Photo by Blisson, 1849.