Burl Ives was identified in the infamous 1950 pamphlet, Red Channels, as an entertainer with supposed Communist ties. In 1952, under considerable pressure, Ives cooperated with the House Unamerican Activities Committee and named fellow folk singer Pete Seeger and others as possible Communists. Ives’ cooperation with the HUAC ended his blacklisting, allowing him to continue with his movie acting...
100 Ideas That Changed Film. The impact of the House UnAmerican Activities Committee’s investigation into Communism in HOllywood can never fully be assessed: after all, it’s impossible to assess the caliber of scripts never written and performances never given. Nevertheless, the witch hunt that took place between 1947 and 1952 represents the studio system’s darkest hour.
Congress convened a House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) to investigate Communist influence in Hollywood.Although most of the Hollywood Ten were Party members,instead of simply invoking their 5th Amendant rights they challenged the Committee's right to ask about their political beliefs.Congress cited all for contempt .After failed appeals,they were jailed.
Some of Hollywood’s best known actors, including Lauren Bacall , Humphrey Bogart , Danny Kaye , and Gene Kelly, deplane in Washington on their way to protest the investigations of the House Un-American Activities Committee. Communist hysteria led to the blacklisting of hundreds of writers, directors , and actors.