Kenzaburo Oe (born January 31, 1935) credits his son, who was born with brain damage, for influencing his literary career. He tried to give his son a "voice" through his writing. In 1994 Oe won the Nobel Prize in Literature and was named to receive Japan’s Order of Culture. He refused the latter because it is bestowed by the Emperor. Oe said, “I do not recognize any authority, any value, higher than democracy.” (Wikipedia)
Sigrid Undset (1882-1949) is one of three Norwegian authors to have received the Nobel Prize for Literature. Undset received the Prize in 1928, for her two series of novels set against the background of medieval Norway in the 13th century: the 3-volume Kristin Lavransdatter, and the 4-volume Olav Audunssønn. New translations by Tiina Nunnally .
Odysseus Elytis,Nobel Prize in Literature 1979.Translations of his poetry have been published as autonomous books, in anthologies or in periodicals in eleven languages..Unlike others,he didn't turn back to Ancient Greece or Byzantium but devoted himself to today's Hellenism,of which he attempted to build up the mythology institutions.His main endeavour was to rid his people's conscience from remorses unjustifiable to complement natural elements through ethical powers.
Dario Fo is an Italian satirist, playwright, theater director, actor and composer. He was awarded the 1997 Nobel Prize in Literature, with the committee highlighting him as a writer "who emulates the jesters of the Middle Ages in scourging authority and upholding the dignity of the downtrodden". -- His "Accidental Death of an Anarchist" is glorious.
Herta Muller - Nobel Prize in Literature 2009 - born Romania, residence at time of award Germany - "who, with the concentration of poetry and the frankness of prose, depicts the landscape of the dispossessed"