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© Ben Shahn / Three Creole Girls, Plaquemines Parish, Louisiana, october 2000 Light Years From Home

Photograph of a 19th cetury Creole man  |  he Creole people of Louisiana are descended from 18th-century colonial settlers of French – and sometimes Spanish – descent, with those of African descent via American slavery. Many Creoles in the 19th century were mixed-race people. This also included Native-American ancestry in some families. The word Creole itself has many different meanings, depending on which country, culture, and language where it is in use – throughout The Americas.

Antoine Dubuclet was elected as the first African-American Treasurer for the Louisiana on Aril in

The Melungeons 1910-1911 They are represented as having a sort of language of their own which some have imagined might be a conglomeration of Portuguese or Spanish with some Indian dialect

The Nashville American of June 1910 published a paper of about 10 pages in celebration of its anniversary. One of these pag.

Appalachian people who boasted of Portuguese ancestry to avoid slavery were actually African descendants

Ancient Appalachian people boasted of having Portuguese ancestry to avoid slavery. Genetic evidence shows that the families historically called Melungeons are the offspring of sub-Saharan African men and white women of northern or central European origin.

Rhoda Ray was born a slave about 1824;  She was referred to as “Aunt Rhoda” During the Battle of Wilson’s Creek, on August 10, 1861, Rhoda and her children initially sought shelter in the cellar of the Ray house, then helped treat the wounded after the house was occupied as a Southern field hospital. Rhoda was freed in 1865

Rhoda Ray, born slave referred 2 as- “Aunt Rhoda”. During th Battle f Wilson’s Creek, Rhoda & hr children sought shelter in Ray house, then helped treat th wounded after th house was occupied as a Southern field hospital. She was freed in 1865

May 3, 1948 the U.S. Supreme Court ruled covenants prohibiting the sale of real estate to blacks & other minorities were legally not enforceable in Shelley v Kraemer. The Shelley's shown here in the photo purchased a home in a St. Louis area where 39 people owned 57 parcels of land. In February of 1911 30 of the owners signed an agreement or a restrictive covenant not to sell to African or Asian Americans. In August of 1945 the Shelley's purchased a home in the neighborhood. Kraemer's sued.

May 1948 Supreme Court ruled in Shelley v. Kraemer that federal and state courts could not enforce restrictive convenants which barred persons from owning or occupying property because of their race.

African American girl, half-length portrait, with right hand to cheek, with illustrated book on table

30 Rare Portraits of African American Life in 1900

Photos of the Pastory. Black Girl in late Victorian / Edwardian school girl dress in 1900

Marianne Celeste Dragon, Josè Francisco Xavier de Salazar y Mendoza

American Women: Josè Francisco Xavier de Salazar y Mendoza (Mexican-born Louisiana artist, Marianne Celeste Dragon

Baby Faces, Vintage Black, Black History, 1940s, Daughters, Daughter