Ramsey Lewis Ramsey Emmanuel Lewis Jr. (born May 27 1935) is an American jazz composer pianist and radio personality. Ramsey Lewis has recorded over 80 albums and has received seven gold records and three Grammy Awards so far in his career.  Biography Ramsey Lewis was born in Chicago Illinois to Ramsey Lewis Sr. and Pauline Lewis. Lewis began taking piano lessons at the age of four. At 15 he joined his first jazz band the Cleffs. The seven-piece group provided Lewis his first involvement…

Ramsey Lewis Ramsey Emmanuel Lewis Jr. (born May 27 1935) is an American jazz composer pianist and radio personality. Ramsey Lewis has recorded over 80 albums and has received seven gold records and three Grammy Awards so far in his career. Biography Ramsey Lewis was born in Chicago Illinois to Ramsey Lewis Sr. and Pauline Lewis. Lewis began taking piano lessons at the age of four. At 15 he joined his first jazz band the Cleffs. The seven-piece group provided Lewis his first involvement…

Grover Mitchell  Grover Curry Mitchell (March 17 1930 in Whatley Alabama  August 6 2003 in New York Citys Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center) was a jazz trombonist and bandleader.  Biography He was born in Alabama but his parents moved to Pittsburgh Pennsylvania when he was eight. It was in Pittsburgh that he became interested in jazz.  He began on trombone in his teens after initially desiring to learn trumpet. However his arms were considered long so the school trained him in trombone…

Grover Mitchell Grover Curry Mitchell (March 17 1930 in Whatley Alabama August 6 2003 in New York Citys Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center) was a jazz trombonist and bandleader. Biography He was born in Alabama but his parents moved to Pittsburgh Pennsylvania when he was eight. It was in Pittsburgh that he became interested in jazz. He began on trombone in his teens after initially desiring to learn trumpet. However his arms were considered long so the school trained him in trombone…

Nathan Davis  Nathan Davis (born February 15 1937) is an American hard bop jazz multi-instrumentalist who plays the tenor saxophone soprano saxophone bass clarinet and flute. Born in Kansas City Kansas Davis is probably best known for his work with Eric Dolphy Kenny Clarke Ray Charles Slide Hampton and Art Blakey.  Nathan traveled extensively around Europe after the war and moved to Paris in 1962. He holds a Ph.D in Ethnomusicology from Wesleyan University and has been a professor of music…

Nathan Davis Nathan Davis (born February 15 1937) is an American hard bop jazz multi-instrumentalist who plays the tenor saxophone soprano saxophone bass clarinet and flute. Born in Kansas City Kansas Davis is probably best known for his work with Eric Dolphy Kenny Clarke Ray Charles Slide Hampton and Art Blakey. Nathan traveled extensively around Europe after the war and moved to Paris in 1962. He holds a Ph.D in Ethnomusicology from Wesleyan University and has been a professor of music…

Camilla Williams Camilla Ella Williams (October 18 1919  January 29 2012) was an American operatic soprano who performed nationally and internationally. After studying with renowned teachers in New York City she was the first African American to receive a regular contract with a major American opera company the New York City Opera. She had earlier won honors in vocal competitions and the Marian Anderson Fellowship in 1943-44.  In 1954 she became the first African American to sing a major…

Camilla Williams Camilla Ella Williams (October 18 1919 January 29 2012) was an American operatic soprano who performed nationally and internationally. After studying with renowned teachers in New York City she was the first African American to receive a regular contract with a major American opera company the New York City Opera. She had earlier won honors in vocal competitions and the Marian Anderson Fellowship in 1943-44. In 1954 she became the first African American to sing a major…

Harold Washington Harold Lee Washington (April 15 1922  November 25 1987) was an American lawyer politician and elected in 1983 as the 51st Mayor of Chicago. He was the first African-American Mayor of Chicago serving from April 29 1983 until his death on November 25 1987. He was also a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from 1981 to 1983 representing the Illinois first district and also previously served in the Illinois State Senate and the Illinois House of Representatives.  Early…

Harold Washington Harold Lee Washington (April 15 1922 November 25 1987) was an American lawyer politician and elected in 1983 as the 51st Mayor of Chicago. He was the first African-American Mayor of Chicago serving from April 29 1983 until his death on November 25 1987. He was also a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from 1981 to 1983 representing the Illinois first district and also previously served in the Illinois State Senate and the Illinois House of Representatives. Early…

Bobby Short Robert Waltrip Bobby Short (September 15 1924  March 21 2005) was an American cabaret singer and pianist best known for his interpretations of songs by popular composers of the first half of the 20th century such as Rodgers and Hart Cole Porter Jerome Kern Harold Arlen Vernon Duke Noël Coward and George and Ira Gershwin.  He also championed African-American composers of the same period such as Eubie Blake James P. Johnson Andy Razaf Fats Waller Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn…

Bobby Short Robert Waltrip Bobby Short (September 15 1924 March 21 2005) was an American cabaret singer and pianist best known for his interpretations of songs by popular composers of the first half of the 20th century such as Rodgers and Hart Cole Porter Jerome Kern Harold Arlen Vernon Duke Noël Coward and George and Ira Gershwin. He also championed African-American composers of the same period such as Eubie Blake James P. Johnson Andy Razaf Fats Waller Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn…

Coretta Scott King  Coretta Scott King (/kɔːˈrɛtə/; April 27 1927  January 30 2006) was an American author activist and civil rights leader. The widow of Martin Luther King Jr. Coretta Scott King helped lead the African-American Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s. King shared many ideals and goals with her husband and was an active advocate for African-American equality. King met the future civil rights leader while in college and their participation escalated until they became central to…

Coretta Scott King Coretta Scott King (/kɔːˈrɛtə/; April 27 1927 January 30 2006) was an American author activist and civil rights leader. The widow of Martin Luther King Jr. Coretta Scott King helped lead the African-American Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s. King shared many ideals and goals with her husband and was an active advocate for African-American equality. King met the future civil rights leader while in college and their participation escalated until they became central to…

Roberta Martin Roberta Evelyn Martin (February 12 1907  January 18 1969) was an American gospel composer singer pianist arranger and choral organizer helped launch the careers of many other gospel artists through her group The Roberta Martin Singers.  Early years Born in Helena Arkansas on February 12 1907 Martin moved to Chicago with her family in 1917 where she studied piano. Although a high school teacher inspired her to dream of becoming a concert pianist her future course was changed…

Roberta Martin Roberta Evelyn Martin (February 12 1907 January 18 1969) was an American gospel composer singer pianist arranger and choral organizer helped launch the careers of many other gospel artists through her group The Roberta Martin Singers. Early years Born in Helena Arkansas on February 12 1907 Martin moved to Chicago with her family in 1917 where she studied piano. Although a high school teacher inspired her to dream of becoming a concert pianist her future course was changed…

Ronald Isley  Ronald Isley (/ˈaɪzliː/; born May 21 1941) is an American recording artist songwriter record producer and occasional actor. Isley is better known as the lead singer and founding member of the family music group the Isley Brothers.  Early life Isley (Te Doris) was born the third of six brothers (O'Kelly Isley Jr. Rudolph Isley Ronald Vernon Isley Ernie Isley Marvin Isley) to Sallye Bernice (Bell) and O'Kelly Isley Sr. Ronald like many of his siblings began his career in the…

Ronald Isley Ronald Isley (/ˈaɪzliː/; born May 21 1941) is an American recording artist songwriter record producer and occasional actor. Isley is better known as the lead singer and founding member of the family music group the Isley Brothers. Early life Isley (Te Doris) was born the third of six brothers (O'Kelly Isley Jr. Rudolph Isley Ronald Vernon Isley Ernie Isley Marvin Isley) to Sallye Bernice (Bell) and O'Kelly Isley Sr. Ronald like many of his siblings began his career in the…

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