Septima Poinsette Clark - Known as “Queen Mother,” Clark was an American educator and civil rights activist. She developed the literacy and citizenship workshops that played an important role in the drive for voting rights and civil rights for African Americans in the American Civil Rights Movement
Fifty years ago, a small group boarded a bus in Washington D.C. to challenge racial segregation in the deep South. They were nearly burned alive in Alabama. Then hundreds of activists joined the movement to keep the rides going. Host Michel Martin speaks with two Freedom Riders about this historical episode. Congressman Bob Filner and Rev. Reginald Green were college students when joining and were consequently jailed.
Mary Smith Peake, born Mary Smith Kelsey (1823-February 22, 1862), was an American teacher and humanitarian, best known for starting a school for the children of former slaves starting in the fall of 1861 under what became known as the Emancipation Oak tree in present-day Hampton, Virginia near Fort Monroe. The first Creole teacher hired by the American Missionary Association, she was associated with its later founding of Hampton University in 1868.
David Norman Dinkins is the first and to date, the only African American person to hold the position of mayor of New York, 1990-1993. He graduated magna cum laude from Howard University with a degree in mathematics. He later graduated from Brooklyn Law School.
Born in D.C. 1921 Eva Beatrice Dykes became the first black woman in the United States to complete the required coursework for a Ph.D. and the third African American woman to receive a doctoral degree. - See more at: http://www.blackpast.org/aah/dykes-eva-beatrice-1893-1986#sthash.aZZFAsCI.dpuf
Her name is Frances Wilson and she was a Freedom Rider. Frances, a 23 year old student at Tennessee State University, was expelled for her participation in the Freedom Rides along with 14 other students. In 2008, the expelled students all received honorary doctorates from Tennessee State University. Frances received her honorary degree in 2011.