Byzantine monastic complex unearthed in Israel. Aerial photo of remains that archaeologists believe were a Byzantine monastery found near Beit Shemesh [Credit: Griffin Aerial Photography Company/Israel Antiquities Authority]
be'er sheva israel - Jacqueline Schaajje - Be'er Sheva was the southernmost border of the Israelite kingdom, as becomes clear from the Biblical saying "From Dan to Be'er Sheva." More to the south, the desert began, inhabited first by Canaanite peoples, then Philistines, later by the Nabateans and Arabs. The fortifications that are found in the ancient site at Tel Be'er Sheva testify to its ancient function to ward off intruders from the south.
The Sumerian legend of Gilgamesh contains an account of the Flood, as do ancient Akkadian and Babylonian legends, but the most accurate and consistent record is found in the Bible, since where other accounts differ with each other they all have more commonalities with the Biblical version, thus establishing it as the purest and most authentic version
At work on the upper reaches of the Syr-Darya, Golodnaia Steppe, Four men on a horse-drawn cart, next to a cliff; between 1905 and 1915 Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorskii Collection (Library of Congress). #
TEL BE'ER SHEVA was probably first fortified around the 10th century BC. It is believed to be the biblical town of Beer-sheba, where Abraham lived, as well as his heirs Isaac & Jacob. The site was excavated from 1969-1976 by the Tel Aviv University Institute of Archaeology. This effort revealed four layers of occupational strata. The earliest occupation at Beer-sheba likely contained about 20 dwelling pits & 10 granaries and would have housed from 100-140 people.