Irene Morgan was arrested in Virginia for refusing to give her bus seat to a white passenger. She was convicted on October 18, 1944 at the Middlesex County Circuit Court, but appealed to the Virginia Supreme Court where her conviction was upheld. With help from NAACP lawyers, including Thurgood Marshall. Morgan v. Commonwealth of Virginia was heard by the U.S. Supreme Court in March 1946. Segregation on interstate bus travel was ended.
Alexis Herman was named Secretary of Labor, the first African American to be nominated for that position and the fifth woman to be appointed, during President Clinton's second term. She is a graduate of Xavier University of Lousiana in New Orleans where she became an active member of the Gamma Alpha Chapter of Delta Sigma Theta Sorority and receiving the Bachelor of Arts in Sociology in 1969.
Pullman Porter were men hired by George Pullman to work on the railroads as porters on sleeping cars. Starting shortly after the American Civil War, George Pullman sought out former slaves to work on his sleeper cars. Pullman porters served American railroads for 100 years from the late 1860s until the late 1960s.