Willcox & Gibbs is arguably the most successful chain stitch machine of all time. The earliest models originate from the late 1850s, but examples such as the one illustrated date from the mid 1870s onwards. This is evident from noting the automatic thread tension device, which appeared at that juncture. Production continued until approximately 1940. It was Gibbs who patented the rotating hook which forms the stitch - the same principle used on most chain stitch models to this day.
❤✄◡ً✄❤ The Jones "Serpentine", as it is known today, was produced at Guide Bridge, near Manchester. It would be reasonable to conclude that it was the largest selling English made machine during the latter decades of the nineteenth century. Although readily available for the Collector today, fine original condition specimens such as this one are relatively scarce. - http://www.dincum.com/library/lib_jones_serpentine.html
❤✄◡ً✄❤ The ever popular Singer 20 was cloned by small and large companies alike. This particular example was produced by the major German Pfaff Corporation. - http://www.dincum.com/library/libraryimages/lib_pfaff1.jpg
❤✄◡ً✄❤ The Name "New England" is widely used to describe a distinctive family of machines manufactured in the USA during the 1860s/70s. This "type" share similar characteristics, - namely a Raymond's looper to form a single thread chain stitch, and a presser-foot cloth feed. - http://www.dincum.com/library/libraryimages/newenglands/lib_new_england6.jpg
❤✄◡ً✄❤ Manufactured by Sellers of Keighley, UK, this exquisite 19th Century one-of-a-kind machine remains something of an enigma. Apart from the identification of its maker, no other details have been unearthed to date. - http://www.dincum.com/library/libraryimages/lib_sellershand1.jpg