The Dada movement claimed to be anti-art; it had a strong negative & destructive element. Rejecting all tradition, they sought complete freedom. Dada quickly spread from Zurich to other European cities. Dada artists claimed to have invented photomontage.
Perhaps the most famous and controversial Dada artwork of all was Marcel Duchamp’s Fountain. It consisted only of a urinal set on its back, but it raised a powerful question: “What exactly is worthy to be called art?