This is a group portrait of two Native Americans and two white men. Identified are Plenty Horse and his wife, Roan Horse. They are standing nearest to a tree and dressed in traditional clothing of the tribe. The two men on either side are wearing suits with hats. Plenty Horse was the man who killed Lieutenant Casey after the Wounded Knee massacre, his wife was wounded and crippled in that action. Date circa 1900:
Ghost Dance : Crazy Horse while ghost dance. - Circa 1890 - Photographer unknown. - Practice of the Ghost Dance movement was believed to have contributed to Lakota resistance. In the Wounded Knee Massacre in 1890, U.S. Army forces killed at least 153 Miniconjou and Hunkpapa Lakota people.
Father Craft the hero of Wounded Knee Fight : Seated portrait of Father Francis M. J. Craft, S.J., a Native American (Mohawk) missionary who accompanied troops to Wounded Knee on December 28, to reassure the Lakota Sioux on the Pine Ridge Reservation, South Dakota, that they were safe. He was wounded in the massacre and helped wounded soldiers until he collapsed. He wears black jacket with a stand-up collar and crucifix tucked in between buttons and a medal of the Sons of the Revolution.
Big Foot born 1820-25 / December 29, 1890 was a Minneconjou-Teton Sioux chief. The son of Lone Horn, he was cousin to Crazy Horse and half brother of Sitting Bull, he was known as a great man of peace, adept at settling quarrels between rival parties, he was often called upon to mediate disputes. Sick with pneumonia, and seeking shelter with Red Cloud's band he became a victim of the Wounded Knee Massacre (1890) in which nearly 300 men, women and children of his tribe lost their lives.
A number of the Sioux photographed had fought against the U.S. military. Chief Flying Hawk was a veteran of Great Sioux War of 1876, the Battle of the Little Big Horn of the same year and was present at the massacre of Wounded Knee — just eight years before Käsebier took his portrait.