Aescin is a saponin present in Horse chestnut used for its medicinal properties in many herbal remedies. One of the most important properties of aescin is its ability to constrict blood vessels (astringent property), making them less leaky and reducing this way swelling , increasing also venous tone . This vasoconstriction property is similar to that one we saw in Tannins present in wine and Witch hazel.
Bog Rose- Arethosa bulbosa--Native perennial grows in the mountains--critically imperiled in NC because of extreme rarity or because of some factor(s) making it especially vulnerable to extirpation (local extinction) from NC (*)
RHS old seed: Hypericum (St John's Wort) Great shade plant. Moderately fertile mbwd soil in sun or partial shade. Sow seed in a cold frame in autumn. Very tough plant, good for dry clay. Grows into a small shrub