A 5,000-year-old mystery has been sparked after part of a human skull was found on a riverbank. Archaeologists said the unbroken piece of upper skull was in "fabulous" condition with the intricate marks from the blood vessels still visible on the inner surface. There are suggestions it may have belonged to a middle-aged woman from the neolithic period – around the time Stonehenge was built. The skull is also prompting questions about where it may have come from.
The Human Population Explosion 40,000 Years Ago -- New Theories on Why DNA sequencing of 36 complete Y chromosomes has uncovered a previously unknown population explosion that occurred 40-50 thousand years ago, between the first expansion of modern humans out of Africa 60-70 thousand years ago & the Neolithic expansions of people in several parts of the world starting 10 thousand years ago. Click through for the article in its entirety.
The Newgrange entrance stone, "one of the most famous stones in the entire repertory of megalithic art," features carvings by Neolithic artists and features the now-famous triskele of 3 inter-locking spirals.
Scientists Uncover Evidence of Change from Hunting to Herding at Early Neolithic Settlement. An international team of researchers examining the earliest known pre-ceramic Neolithic mound site in Turkey, called Aşıklı Höyük, suggests that humans shifted from hunting wild ungulates and small animals to managing sheep and goats at the site over a period of a few hundred years beginning on or before 8200 BCE.
Otzi the Iceman’s full nuclear genome sequence shows that he had Lyme disease. Otzi died 5300 years ago; his is the earliest known human case of Lyme. An earlier study sequenced his mitochondrial genome and found that he has no contemporary descendants. His ancestors in the K haplogroup migrated to Europe from the Middle East during the Neolithic. Their descendants are few in number (only 8% of Europeans belong to the K haplogroup) and concentrated in isolated areas like Sardinia and…