Alexa Irene Canady had almost dropped out of college as an undergraduate, but after recovering her self-confidence she went on to qualify as the first African American woman neurosurgeon in the United States.
Ruth Simmons: First African-American woman to lead an Ivy League university. In Simmons was named president of Brown University. Immediately prior to taking over at Brown, Simmons served as president of the Seven-Sister institution Smith College.
Jim Crow laws were a legal segregation laws that prevent African Americans from being equal to white people. Even though these laws were made in the early they continued on into the as the basis of the Civil Rights Movement.