The red sunlight symbolizes the mass amounts of blood spilled during the war. It is not clear what war Poe is referring too, however at the time of the writing of this poem both the war of 1812 and the wars of Spanish American independence were under way.
Red Cloud Perhaps one of the most capable warriors from the Oglala Lakota (Sioux) tribesmen ever faced by the US military, Makhpiya Luta, his Sioux name, led his people in what is known as Red Cloud’s War.
James Ayers Studios Here is my visual tribute to Chief Red Cloud, or Mahpiya Lutu as he was known to his people. Red Cloud was one of the seminal figures in the final, tragic battles between the Lakota people and the encroaching United States.