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+~+~ Antique Photograph ~+~+ Mary McLeod Bethune was born in Mayesville, South Carolina, the 15th of 17th children. Her parents, Samuel and Patsy McLeod, and her oldest brothers and sisters, were slaves before emancipation when the Union won the Civil War. In her early years, she picked cotton and attended a Methodist mission school.

Jackie Ormes: The First African American Woman Cartoonist chronicles the life of a multiply talented woman who became a successful cartoonist. Ormes’s cartoon characters--Torchy Brown, Candy, Patty-Jo, and Ginger--delighted readers of African American newspapers such as the Chicago Defender and Pittsburgh Courier between 1937-56.

This 1868 photo is entitled "Magby Peterson and his Nanny." The little girl may have been considered fortunate to be chosen to work as a nany rather than a field worker. However, house servants were usually isolated from their families and community. She may have never lived with her parents again after being given this job. Florida State Archives.

Lucy Craft Laney (April 13, 1854 – October 24, 1933) was an early African American educator who was the first to establish a school for African American children in Augusta, Georgia. She was born in Macon, Georgia, to former slaves. Although it was illegal for blacks to read at the time of her birth, she was taught by a slave owner's sister, and by 1869 she was enrolled in Atlanta University. Enrollment in her first school in Macon was only 6; by 1928 it had grown to over 800 students.

Mary McLeod Bethune, educator and civil rights leader best known for starting a school for African-American students that eventually became an HBCU, Bethune-Cookman University, and for being an advisor to President Franklin D. Roosevelt. She dedicated her life to educating both whites and blacks about the accomplishments and needs of black people, writing, "Not only the Negro child but children of all races should read and know of the achievements, accomplishments and deeds of the Negro."…

Saint Elmo Brady (December 22, 1884 - December 25, 1966) was the first African American to obtain a Ph.D. degree in chemistry in the United States, which he earned in 1916 from the University of Illinois. He taught at Tuskegee, Fisk, Howard and Tougaloo, and was the first African American admitted to Phi Lambda Upsilon, the chemistry honor society. #TodayInBlackHistory

Black Stars of the Civil Rights Movement

Paperback - AFRICAN AMERICAN HISTORY COMES TO LIFE Discover why young people all over the country are reading the Black Stars biographies of African American heroes. Here is what you want to know abou

Soror Mary Church Terrell (September 23, 1863 – July 24, 1954), daughter of former slaves, was one of the first African-American women to earn a college degree. She became an activist who led several important associations and worked for civil rights and suffrage.