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Tanya Joan Plibersek (1969- ): Australian politician, Member of Parliament for Sydney since 1998, and the Deputy Leader of the Opposition and Deputy Leader of the Labor Party since 2013. She previously served as Minister for Health, Minister for Human Services and Minister for Housing.

1986 - Senator Janine Haines becomes the first woman leader of a political party, the Australian Democrats. Picture - Bryan Charlton

1943 - The first women elected to the federal parliament is Dame Enid Lyons. She becomes a member of the House of Representatives for the United Australia Party.

indigenous Australian politician Marion Scrymgour, the first indigenous woman to be elected to the Northern Territory Parliament, director of the Wurli Wurlinjang Aboriginal Corporation, Director of the Katherine West Health Board Aboriginal Corporation, Labor Party Deputy Chief Minister of the Northern Territory, and the highest-ranked indigenous person in government in Australia's history

Jocelyn Howarth and Nancy Bird, ca. 1930-33 Nancy Bird Walton was born in Sydney in 1915. In 1933, at the age of 17, she became the youngest Australian woman to gain a pilot's license. One year later she obtained her commercial license. In 1937-38 she operated a charter service in Queensland followed by a 2 year world tour studying civil aviation. In 1950 she founded the Australian Women's Pilots' Association.

Dr. Frances Dick, 1st woman to practise medicine in NSW, Sydney, c.1892. photograph by J. Hubert Newman. Dr Frances Dick graduated from London School of Medicine for Women & the University of Ireland. Her qualifications included: LSA (Lond) 1891 & MB Bac Surg, Royal University of Ireland 1891. She was the 1st woman to practise medicine in NSW preceding Dr M A Corliss by a few months. She was registered on 13 January, 1892. State Lib of NSW

Woman selling fruit from small barrow Sydney, ca. 1885-1890 /photographed by Arthur K. Syer by State Library of New South Wales collection, via Flickr

Francis Perkins. First female Cabinet member. Came up with Social Security, the 40-hour work week, and overtime pay. You're welcome, America.

ETHEL TURNER (24 January 1872 – 8 April 1958) was an Australian novelist and children's writer, best known for the children's classic, Seven Little Australians. Born in Doncaster, England, Ethel came to Australia when she was 10.

Misses Alice (The White Rose of Sydney) & Margaret Halloran of Burwood, NSW, ca. 1877. / ¼ plate glass negative by Freeman & Co. by State Library of New South Wales collection.