"For many centuries...Christians understood the kingdom as heaven--the place you go to after you die.... In the modern period, however, as God's location moved, so did that of the kingdom.... Christians developed an intense interest in Christ's second coming, and many believed that the Lord's return was nigh....[which fostered] a plethora of kingdom theologies." (Bass, loc. 3128)
(ca. 316 - 397) Saint Martin de Tours was forced to join the Roman army by his father who was deeply troubled by Martin's interest in Christianity. After he was baptized, he asked, "to be released from the army.... Martin was not a conscientious objector in the modern sense; he was merely stating early Christian practice. Before theologians Ambrose and Augustine in later decades made a case for just war, Christians were not allowed to fight." (Bass, loc. 1005)
This book examines how, as the nineteenth century progressed, religious piety, especially evangelical piety, was seen in the British navy less as eccentric and marginal and more as an essential ingredient of the character looked for in professional seamen. #boydellpress #boydellandbrewer #maritimehistory #britishnavy #navy #british #religion
Seen the "Catholicism" book, or the related SERIES of documentaries? That's these guys. Initially founded to share Father Barron's homilies online, the sheer number of articles and vlog entries and short replies to countless contemporary questions and issues that are constantly being added makes this a Must for anyone curious about the Catholic Church in the modern world.
(1363 - 1429) Jean Gerson, a Paris professor, "wrote a mystical theology of dying [entitled in abbreviated form] The Art of Dying Well... [which] quickly became one of the most popular of its day.... Souls die when tempted by the devil, and to die apart from Christ's grace would mean eternal separation from paradise." (Bass, loc. 1545-1551) Gerson identified six actions necessary to die well. Jean Gerson Plaque by pablo_marx, via Flickr
during World War I, before true field rations had been invented, troops were often supplied with hot cocoa by YMCA volunteers. In a time where the military had not yet developed its own morale, welfare, and comfort services, the YMCA took on this role, sending 25,000 volunteers to military units and bases from Egypt to France. Among their many services, “Red Triangle Men,” as they were called, set up comfort huts and canteens.
Prayer primers opened the world of fixed-hour prayer to all social classes. "The books democratized fixed-hour prayer, making the daily office a fixture of piety--especially among women--in the Middle Ages.... Yet personal faith did not translate into mere individualism. Families, households, and groups of women recited the hours together." (Bass, loc. 1400-1406) File:Breviarium Cologne.jpg