Mitchelville, South Carolina: In 1861, during the Civil War, when Union troops landed on Hilton Head Island the plantation owners fled, leaving the slaves behind. Considered "contraband," as slaves were not yet free in America, the Union faced a dilemma. Were the Gullah people slaves or freedmen?
The red, black, and green Pan-African flag designed by the UNIA in 1920. The Pan-African flag — also known as the UNIA flag, Afro-American flag and Black Liberation Flag — is a tri-color flag consisting of three equal horizontal bands of (from top down) red, black and green. The Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League (UNIA) formally adopted it on August 13, 1920 in Article 39 of the Declaration of Rights of the Negro Peoples of the World,