"A Descent into the Maelström" is an 1841 short story by Edgar Allan Poe. In the tale, a man recounts how he survived a shipwreck and a whirlpool. It has been grouped with Poe's tales of ratiocination and also labeled an early form of science fiction.
The maelstrom in the image is a maelstrom at Saltsraumen, the strongest tidal current in the world that has existed for about two to three thousand years. Description from agbuyamarco.blogspot.com. I searched for this on bing.com/images