Two hundred and twenty-six years ago on 14th July 1789 the populace of Paris rose up against the State and besieged the Bastille. The prison fortress - long regarded as a symbol of monarchist oppression - was stormed by an increasingly bloodthirsty crowd, whose chief aim was to gain access to the weapons that they believed were stored there. The Governor of the fortress, the Marquis de Launay, surrendered and was summarily beheaded; his head jammed onto a pike and carried into the streets.
The Bastille was a fortress in Paris and was important to the internal conflicts and was used as a state prison by the kings of France. The fortress was made of stone and bricks, in order for it to defend Paris from the English and was built on July 14, 1789. The Bastille had eight towers with a protected gateway on the eastern edge of Paris. The Bastille was of social significance because it was a barrior to protect the people of France.