The strategy canvas is one of the most useful tools in the blue ocean strategy methodology. It allows companies to analyse their current situation and understand the criteria and assumptions against which both they and their competitors compete. It helps establish where expenditure and focus are directed and can help an organisation understand its competitive value in the current environment.
The method to determine the best position on the efficient frontier line is the capital market line (CML). The capital market line is, graphically, a tangent line that can be drawn on a graph, connecting the return of risk-free-asset with the efficient market frontier. An investor is only willing to accept higher risk if the return rises proportionally. The CML shows where the most efficient portfolio lies on the efficient frontier line.
Porter's diamond model suggests that there are inherent reasons why some nations, and industries within nations, are more competitive than others on a global scale. The argument is that the national home base of an organization provides organizations with specific factors, which will potentially create competitive advantages on a global scale.
The relationship between risk and return is a fundamental financial relationship that affects expected rates of return on every existing asset investment. The Risk-Return relationship is characterized as being a "positive" or "direct" relationship meaning that if there are expectations of higher levels of risk associated with a particular investment then greater returns are required as compensation for that higher expected risk.
In the 1970s Kenneth Thomas and Ralph Kilmann identified five main styles of dealing with conflict that vary in their degrees of cooperativeness and assertiveness. They argued that people typically have a preferred conflict resolution style. However they also noted that different styles were most useful in different situations. They developed the Thomas-Kilmann Conflict Mode Instrument (TKI) which helps you to identify which style you tend towards when conflict arises.
In order to compare investment options, Markowitz developed a system to describe each investment or each asset class with math, using unsystematic risk statistics. Then he further applied that to the portfolios that contain the investment options. He looked at the expected rate-of-return and the expected volatility for each investment. He named his risk-reward equation The Efficient Frontier.