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Lascaux is the setting of a complex of caves in southwestern France famous for its cave paintings. The original caves are located near the village of Montignac, in the Dordogne département. They contain some of the most well-known Upper Paleolithic art. These paintings are estimated to be 16,000 years old. They primarily consist of realistic images of large animals, most of which are known from fossil evidence to have lived in the area at the time.

The cave of Rouffignac in France contains ice age art, including paintings and etchings of animals such as the mammoth, woolly rhino and cave bear.

First Painters May Have Been Neanderthal, Not Human

First Painters May Have Been Neanderthal, Not Human European cave paintings are older than previously thought, raising the possibility that Neanderthals rather than Homo sapiens were the earliest painters. That’s not yet certain: The paintings may have been made by humans at an unexpectedly early date, which would itself raise intriguing questions, though none so tantalizing as Neanderthal painters.

Chauvet Cave Paintings Gallery Discovered on December 18, 1994, it is considered one of the most significant prehistoric art sites. A study published in 2012 supports placing the art in the Aurignacian period, approximately 30,000–32,000 years ago.