Constantine XI Palaiologos, last Eastern Roman Emperor, makes a final prayer before the Ottoman attack on Constantinople, When the battle was over, they were only able to identify his body by the imperial Eagles on his boots.
This illustration portrays the Siege of Tripoli by the Byzantine army of Emperor Basil II. The defenders are probably a mixture of Fatimid warriors and local Arab soldiers. Tripoli had achieved a semi-independence under Fatimid rule.
Emperor Romanos IV rejects Seljuk peace embassy shortly before the battle of Manzikert. Unfortunately for the Emperor and the Empire, he was unaware of the treachery that was to come from his own generals.