6) Foreshortening is the concept of implying 3 dimensions into art. the closer parts of her (hand, arm, fingers) are larger and the limbs far away are smaller; however we perceive her as a normal sized/proportioned human being, and not one with a giant arm and tiny leg. this is the use of foreshortening
Artist Guido Daniele Turns Your Arm Into Your Favorite Animal
6. Here we can see how the artist foreshortened the arm by making the fingers much more shorter and condensed, versus the horizontal length of her body. This helps our brains to view it as if her hand is closer to us than the rest of her body.