Ralph Johnson Bunche (1904-1971) was born in Detroit. His father was a barber for whites only; his mother was an amateur musician; his grandmother had been born into slavery. Ralph Bunche's enduring fame arises from his service to the US government and to the UN. At the UN he handled problems of the world's peoples who had not yet attained self-government. New York gave him a ticket-tape parade for his work in the Middle East. Bunche received the Nobel Peace Prize 1950.