Queen Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria) (1819-1901) by Charles Brocky in 1841. Queen Victoria reigns to-day because of her direct descent, through James the 1st, from Mary Queen of Scots, the mother of that king. On the Hanover side she can claim an ancestry more ancient & illustrious than this. Her understanding of politics was limited & her tutelage in the art of governing as an impartial constitutional monarch began under her 1st prime minister William Lamb 2nd Viscount Melbourne.
"All political thinking for years past has been vitiated in the same way. People can foresee the future only when it coincides with their own wishes, and the most grossly obvious facts can be ignored when they are unwelcome." - George Orwell (274... by ~MMozolewski ☯)
Iran 1800's "When a new dynasty, the Qajars, emerged at the end of the eighteenth century, portraits in oils began to assume a highly political function. The founder of the dynasty, Agha Muhammad (died 1797), had been castrated as youth by his father's enemies, and his successor, Fath 'Ali Shah (ruled 1797-1834), was keen to emphasize his masculinity. As a way of doing this, he commissioned numerous portraits of himself that showed him as slim-waisted, youthful...Female Tumbler (Oil) | V&A