Hattie McDaniel (June 10, 1895 – October 26, 1952) was an American actress, singer-songwriter, and comedian. She is best known for her role as Mammy in Gone with the Wind (1939) for which she won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress, making her the first African American to win an Academy Award.
Gail Fisher (August 18, 1935 – December 2, 2000) was an American actress who was one of the first black women to play substantive roles in American television. She was best known for playing the role of secretary "Peggy Fair" on the television detective series Mannix from 1968 through 1975, a role for which she won two Golden Globe Awards and an Emmy Award. Fisher became the first black woman to win a Golden Globe.
Roxie Roker (1929 – 1995), age 66, breast cancer. She was an American actress, best known for her role as Helen Willis on the sitcom "The Jeffersons" (1975–85), half of the first interracial couple to be shown on regular prime time television.