Chinese Cultural Revolution 1966: Inspired by Mao, student radicals wanted to launch a revolution that would "negate the past 17 years" and "smash" the authority of old communists on the mainland. Radical Red Guards wanted to transform the People's Republic of China into the "People's Commune of China." Revolutionary upheaval would become a "permanent" way of life, and society would function without any institutionalized leadership.
The Great Chinese Famine 1958-1962 Most of the famine was caused because Mao forced farmers into industrial careers and many Chinese turned to cannibalism. Millions were tortured to death for stealing food while Mao and his officers dined on $1,000 French meals and Scotch Whisky.