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John R. Vane, The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1982: "for their discoveries concerning prostaglandins and related biologically active substances", biochemistry, chemistry

EDWIN KREBS (1918–2009) shared the 1992 Nobel Prize in medicine and physiology with Edmond Fischer for their discoveries in the 1950s concerning reversible protein phosphorylation. Krebs was awarded a U of I Bachelor of Arts degree in 1940.

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Axel Hugo Theodor Theorell, The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1955: "for his discoveries concerning the nature and mode of action of oxidation enzymes", biochemistry

Henrik Carl Peter Dam, The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1943: "for his discovery of vitamin K", biochemistry, chemistry

Tadeus Reichstein, The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1950: "for their discoveries relating to the hormones of the adrenal cortex, their structure and biological effects", biochemistry, endocrinology

Robert Koch, The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1905: "for his investigations and discoveries in relation to tuberculosis", bacteriology, disease transmission

Ernst Boris Chain, The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1945: "for the discovery of penicillin and its curative effect in various infectious diseases", anti-bacterial agents, bacteriology, biochemistry

Youyou Tu, The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2015: "for her discoveries concerning a novel therapy against Malaria"