SLAVES, EX-SLAVES, and CHILDREN OF SLAVES IN THE AMERICAN SOUTH, 1860 -1905 (22) "I doubt the photographer intended it, but his image of two children still 'behind bars' at the opened gate is filled with allegory about the true situation of the freed slaves." Photographed at the old Goose Creek Plantation in Charleston, South Carolina.
Liberated slaves were treated as contraband or captured property at this time. The confiscation act of 1861 allowed seizing Confederate property but did not clarify the fate of captured slaves. One Union general gained notoriety for general order No. 11 which freed all slaves in areas under his control. President Lincoln countermanded this order amid concerns of the political consequences in four slave holding border states that remained in the Union.
People who don't read history books are unaware that many of the "cowboys" driving herds to the railheads in Kansas were Indians. And many don't know that some of "Indians" who raided the drives for beef were runaway slaves and ex-slaves adopted into the tribes in the Oklahoma territory. Western movies don't tell you that.