Literacy spread, revitalized popular culture, and stimulated religious life. Cathedral schools developed into universities by the 11th century. Students would study medicine and law. This video describes the universities in medieval Europe in depth.
Most political systems were local organizations until the 10th century. Manorialism was a system of economic and political obligations between landlords and peasants. Most people were serfs living on self-sufficient agricultural manors. In return for protections they gave lords part of their crops and provided labor services. This video describes manorialism and also reviews feudalism.