After years of protests & lawsuits black farmers in the south will begin receiving payments this week as a result of a $1.2 billion settlement in their discrimination case against federal agriculture officials. (18,000 farmers) Thousands received payments in 1999 as part of a settlement in a class-action suit over allegations of widespread discrimination by federal officials who denied loans & other assistance to black farmers because of their race.
Contrary to Hollywood, black slaves were America’s 1st cowboys. The word cowboy, originally had nothing to do w-roping cattle & hell-raising in the high plains. The word 'cowboy' grew out of social customs that did not allow black males to be addressed as 'mister' or 'men'. 'Boy,' was a derogatory term for a black male that included "cowboy,”, "house boy,” “field boy,” “stable boy". Thousands of black cowboys were lawmen, Buffalo soldiers, ranchers, farmers. Few are found in history books.