Van Fortress of Tushpa, Turkey. Centered around the Lake Van in the eastern Turkey, the Urartian Kingdom ruled from the mid 9th century BC till its defeat by Media in the early 6th century BC. The most splendid monuments of the Urartian Kingdom take place in Van since the city was the capital of the kingdom.
The Erebuni Fortress (also known as Arin Berd, meaning “fortress of blood”) of the ancient kingdom of Urartu, located in present-day Armenia.The Urartian King Argishti I founded Erebuni in 782 BCE. Photo taken by Evgeny Genkin.