sole ancestor of the dog, which was first domesticated in the Middle East. Dogs are the wolf's closest relative (the genetic divergence between gray wolves & dogs is only as opposed to over between gray wolves, Ethiopian wolves & coyot.
it amazes me what will pass as "fact." The white wolf is a more dominate animal the 2 brown ones are subordinate. A female (or even male) has no reasons to protect the throat of a "victom" wolf. I also believe these are all males based on size.