Neolithic stone beads from early settlements in Sahara, North Africa, ca. Using simple hand-carved tools, stones were placed on a grooved stone and pecked out from both sides. Holes are generally not smooth nor even.
Sumerian Necklace and Ring, Millennium BC A very rare set, made of gold and sedimentary stone beads. Sumer (map) was the site of the earliest known civilization, located in the southernmost part of Mesopotamia between the Tigris and the Euphrates.