Bernard Otto Holtermann and the world's largest "nugget" of gold, North Sydney, ca. 1874-1876 / montage photograph by American and Australasian Photographic Company by State Library of New South Wales collection, via Flickr
Lambing Flat riots 1861. Victoria taxed Chinese at £10 a head. This created an illegal trade whereby the Chinese were dropped off at ports in South Australia. Chinese diggers left Australia and went back to China with their gold. It was a drain on the economy. Riots ensued at gold mines between Chinese and European diggers. So all states legislated against Chinese in 1880. Their number quickly declined and many of those who remained grew vegetables for the European community.
Diggers on way to Bendigo S T Gill. This makes me think of my gg grandfather whose wife died at Bendigo leaving him with 3 small children. He spent his final years living in Llanelly, not far from Dunolly.