Sir Thomas More, Lord Chancellor of England. Executed for High Treason after refusing to get involved in deciding Henry VIII's first marriage (Catherine of Aragon) and refusing to recognize Henry as Supreme Head of the Church of England.
John Calvin (1509-1564), French subject who became an early convert to the ideas of Martin Luther. As a “protestant” his life in Catholic France was difficult. Eventually he settled in Switzerland, becoming the theocratic dictator of the Geneva canton in 1541. Calvin’s harsh and restrictive social and religious laws are the foundation of the future Presbyterian branch of the Protestant church. His was a hard and unforgiving doctrine.
Adrian VI Papacy began 9 January 1522 Papacy ended 14 September 1523 Predecessor Leo X Successor Clement VII Orders Ordination 30 June 1490 Consecration by Diego Ribera de Toledo Created Cardinal 1 July 1517 Personal details Birth name Adriaan Florenszoon Boeyens Born 2 March 1459 Utrecht, Bishopric of Utrecht, Holy Roman Empire Died 14 September 1523 (aged 64) Rome, Papal States