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Cochise was a principle chief of the Chiricahua Apache. In his own language, his name meant "having the quality of strength of oak". The Chiricahua lived in the area that is now the northern Mexican region of Sanora, New Mexico and Arizona.

Memorial to Cochise. Arizona. Cochise died after a long illness on June 8, 1874. Tom Jeffords was at his side near the end, and witnessed his interment in a crevice in the rocks of the Dragoon Mountains, near Cochise Stronghold, Arizona. Only his band and Tom Jeffords knew the site. They took this knowledge to their own graves, telling no one of the place where Cochise had been buried. Bio by: Robert Schaller. (

Cochise Stronghold was the winter home of Chief Cochise and the Chiricahua Apache. The area was termed a “stronghold” as Cochise led his people to the safety of this beautiful mountain fortress during the defense of their homeland from 1852 – 1872.

Part 1 - Geronimo's closest friend in war and captivity, Chief Naiche was a leader of the Apache people during their late nineteenth and early twentieth century interactions with the U.S. government. Reared by his father (Chief Cochise), Naiche was loyal to his older brother Chief Taza. Naiche was unprepared to assume the leadership role he inherited when Taza died unexpectedly. Along with Geronimo, Naiche led many of the Apache raiding parties in the Southwest during the 1880's.

Cochise, Chiricahua Apache Chief, led the war on whites, 1861-1872. Initially friendly toward whites, in 1861 he was accused of having kidnapped a rancher's son, and a young cavalry officer tried to hold Cochise hostage to obtain the boy's release. This incident escalated into a brutal eleven year war along the Southwestern frontier. The violence spread, with hostages, and women and children, slaughtered on both sides. Cochise and his band finally surrendered to General Oliver O. Howard in…

General Nelson Miles and his staff viewing the Sioux Indian reservation near Pine Ridge, SD on Jan 16, 1891. In 1877, Miles' troops had intercepted the Nez Perce, led by Chief Joseph, as they attempted to flee to Canada. After their capture, the army killed many of their prized Appaloosa horses. -International Museum of the Horse

Alchise was an Coyotero Apache and Sergeant of Scouts, in Gen. Crook's campaign against the Tonto's in 1872. He was part of a mutiny by scouts at the Cibecue Outbreak (30-8-1881). He was finally arrested at Cooley's Ranch. Alchise was asked with others to confer with Gen. Crook concerning Apache grievances which later led to a Grand Jury investigation into the conduct of Indian Agent Joseph Tiffany. Tiffany was found guilty of gross misconduct but never charged.

Fun - Chiricahua Apache - no date - The Apache were born warriors. The fiercest and most feared of all American Indian tribes. The Apache defied the odds and fought so ferociously that expansion by Mexico and later the United States slowed to a standstill. More than a century later, Apache tactics were adopted as a combat model for special forces. Apaches used speed, stealth, surprise, distraction, deception and even the land itself as weapons.