Cave painting at Lascaux, France, circa 15.000-10,000 BC. The shaman sends his soul to heaven while he lies as though dead (Lommel, 1966), as he hunts animal spirits of negotiates with the Mistress of the Animals. A number of factors indicate the shamanic nature of the composition. The artist has portrayed the shaman as his spirit helper (the bird-headed wand) at the moment of his transformation or shape-shift...
Shamans must care for the health and wellbeing of the spirit. That includes honoring and feeding those spirits that provide protection and support. These offerings may be done at special places in nature or at an altar indoors. The intent is the same--to keep balance, health and harmony. Central Siberia.
Reindeer Riders... historically semi-nomadic people in several parts of the world have domesticated reindeer as saddle animals, pack animals, and work animals. In Mongolia, Siberia, Northern Europe, these people have lived closely with their reindeer herds for countless generations, even hunting wild reindeer from the backs of their domesticated kin.
https://flic.kr/p/8GbPmF | Smoking. Adyg Eeren shamanic society | Adyg-Eeren (Spirit of Bear) shamanic society in Tuva, Siberia, Russia. Nikon FM3a. Photo by Vladimir Shibanov. More about Shamans of Tuva: <a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/shibanov/sets/72157624841612605/">www.flickr.com/photos/shibanov/sets/72157624841612605/</a> The society site: <a href="http://www.adygeeren.de/" rel="nofollow">www.adygeeren.de/</a>