1. Edgar Degas, 1878-79, Jockey's before the race, subject landscape/nature. 2. I feel the impulse was human purpose. 3. I see brighter color in the focal areas (closest jockey) & a lighter variation in the background. Principles include balance of horse's & movement from right to left, as well as contrast between horses, riders & landscape with emphasis on the closest jockey. 4. The theme is a specific moment in time when the artist was inspired by riding/racing horses.