Each man and boy was escorted by an armed military man. After walking about a mile, upon a signal, the military men turned and fired on each man and boy. Indians who had been convinced to participate in the massacre came out from their hiding places to attack the women and children.
May 16, 1843: Departure of the first major wagon train from Elm Grove, Missouri towards the Pacific Northwest, via the Oregon Trail. Wagons on the Prairie (unidentified wagon train), 1860s. New-York Historical Society, 86025d.