Turkish embroidery. Napkin, 19th century. this is ‘two-sided embroidery’ (front and rear are identical). Could also be used as an apron in festive women’s costumes (generally in Thrace and northwest Anatolia).
Detail of an ‘uçkur’ (waist band). Worn as part of a festive costume. From the Egean coast. Late-Ottoman, early 20th century. Materials: linen embroidered with silk and metal thread. Technique: ‘pesend’ (double running stitch) to produce ‘two-sided’ embroidery (identical on both sides).