Matilda Sissieretta Joyner Jones (1868-1933) African-American soprano sometimes called "The Black Patti" in reference to Italian opera singer Adelina Patti. Jones' repertoire included grand opera, light opera, and popular music. In June 1892, Jones became the first African-American to sing at the Music Hall in New York (Now known as Carnegie Hall.) Photo taken 1889.
During World War II, Josephine Baker served with the French Red Cross and was an active member of the French resistance movement. Using her career as a cover Baker became an intelligence agent, carrying secret messages written in invisible ink on her sheet music. She was awarded honor of the Croix de Guerre, and received a Medal of the Resistance in 1946.