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Foliations are Superpositions. Henri Poincare’, the same French scientist who also seeded the ideas later developed by Minkowski, started in his thesis a new chapter devoted to bifurcations. Bifurcations are considered in a wide range of physical phenomenons, the most known being the Dynamical Systems. Bifurcation Theory studies the bifurcation hyper surface in the space of vector fields.

L equivalent circuits of a single Resistor, Capacitor and Inductor. The values we registered for the current i, so different than what expected by the equation [4] show that the impedance characteristics of common circuit linear elements R, L, C, are only low-frequency asymptotes of the overall frequency responses of these components

c med hr

causally-connected-4-volume med hr

Schmitt triggers are comparators with hysteresis. Their main feature is to ignore high frequency noise in their threshold voltage. The amount of positive feedback defined by the Ratio of the resistances (shown above as Rx 1 and Rx 10) latches the output until the opposite threshold is exceeded

R equivalent circuits of a single Resistor, Capacitor and Inductor. The values we registered for the current i, so different than what expected by the equation [4] show that the impedance characteristics of common circuit linear elements R, L, C, are only low-frequency asymptotes of the overall frequency responses of these components

Triggering process in a closed Environment. Given initial conditions, at time = t1 a measurement is made determining at successive time = t2 also a branching where no measurement happens (lowest shot in the sequence of above) because all of the underlying conditions are not met. The branch where it happens branches in two cases, following the fact that the Trigger gave out a “high” or “low” signal, respectively corresponding to: (1) Container Presence + (2) Container Absence. The only…

Waters Foundation systems thinking

De SItter and hyperbolic spaces. Modern view Degrees of freedom In the year 2000 Tom Banks and Willy Fischler discovered that the mass density parameter Ω is determined as the inverse of the number N of degrees of freedom. Refer to the figures below: the curvature parameter Ω0 encodes the system density, a relation between mass + energy and volume. But, the volume strictly depends on the number of degrees of freedom. And that’s why the amount of degrees of freedom are since then…

Triggers and Noise. TTL and CMOS Technologies What examined before becomes relevant when applied to the special case of the Food and Beverage Bottling Lines Machinery where the Triggers of the Electronic Inspectors operate. Here, hundredths of motors simultaneously running and frequency converters, add an important contribution, widening the spectrum of frequencies of the signals travelling along the conductors where Trigger sensors, photo-sensors or inductive-sensors are connected to the…