Graduating Class of a Girl’s Vocational School in Hamburg (1882) The range of employment opportunities for young women graduating from vocational institutes was usually very limited. This photograph of the graduating class of a girl’s vocational school in Hamburg was taken in 1882.
1883- This photograph shows Kaiser Wilhelm I ( front) hosting international royalty on the occasion of imperial maneuvers in Homburg. Among those pictured are: Prussian Crown Prince Friedrich Wilhelm (in March 1888, Kaiser Friedrich III), second from right; Prince Wilhelm (in June 1888, Kaiser Wilhelm II), seventh from right; Alphons XIII of Spain, standing beside Wilhelm I; and, on the extreme right, the Prince of Wales (later Britain’s King Eduard VII).
Performing Calisthenics at a Gymnastics Festival (June 6-9, 1911) This photograph by the Haeckel brothers shows athletes performing calisthenics at a gymnastics festival in Gotha (Thuringia) in which teams from various universities took part. In Germany, clubs and societies came together around various interests, including gymnastics. Public sports and gymnastics festivals, such as the one shown here, created a sense of community and solidarity among participants.
A Sanatorium in the Harz Mountains (1907) Sanatoria were popular spots for rest and relaxation. The photograph below shows guests wading in a sanatorium pool in Nordhausen in the Harz Mountains. For those who could afford it, sanatoria offered an escape from the stresses of city life and a chance to commune with nature in the quiet of the countryside.
House and people living in it in Hamburg, Germany c1904 Photograph by Hans Breuer
Kulturkampf Legislation (May 31, 1875) Facsimile of the first page of the law of May 31, 1875, regarding “the religious orders and similar congregations of the Catholic Church” (Note: “similar congregations of the Catholic Church” refers to communities comprised of clergy and lay members of religious orders living in the outside world – i.e., schools, hospitals, and missions – as opposed to monasteries and convents.) This law was part of the legislation behind Bismarck’s Kulturkampf
Among the measures aimed at the Catholic Church was the addition in 1871 to the German Criminal Code infringed on clerical freedom of speech, threatening clergy who discussed politics from the pulpit with two years of prison. In March 1872 religious schools were forced to undergo official government inspection and in June religious teachers were banned from government schools. In 1872, the Jesuits were banned and in December the German government broke off diplomatic relations with the…
The photograph below shows members of the Berlin Secession’s steering committee preparing for a 1904 exhibition. It includes from (left to right): Willy Döhring, Bruno Cassirer, Otto Engel, Max Liebermann, Walter Leistikow, Curt Herrmann, and Fritz Klimsch, as well as the unknown man on the ladder.