The Research: Arizona State University’s Angelo Kinicki and Georgia State University’s Chad Hartnell led a team that surveyed the top managers of 114 companies. The executives were asked to rate the leadership style of their CEOs and the culture of their organizations as either task/results oriented or people/relationship oriented. In the best-performing organizations, the study showed, the CEO’s orientation differed from the corporate culture’s instead of aligning with it. The Challenge: Should CEOs’ behavior really run counter to their firms’ ethos? Is culture clash a good thing?