Leopold Maximilian Joseph Maria Arnulf, Prinz von Bayern (9 Feb 1846 – 28 Sep 1930), was a Field Marshal who commanded German and Austro-Hungarian forces on the Eastern Front in World War I. He was awarded the Grand Cross of the Military Order of Max Joseph on 5 August 1915, the prestigious Pour le Mérite on 9 August 1915 and the oak leaves to the Pour le Mérite on 25 July 1917.
WW1: French Marshal Ferdinand Foch became Supreme Commander of the Allied Armies with the title of Généralissime ("Supreme General") in March 1918. He had previously held several high commands in the French Army. The Allied armies under Foch's command ultimately held the advance of the German forces during the great Spring Offensive of 1918 and at the Second Battle of the Marne in July 1918, thus paving the way for Germany's defeat in November of that year.
Erich Friedrich Wilhelm Ludendorff (sometimes incorrectly referred to as von Ludendorff) (9 April 1865 – 20 December 1937) was a German general, victor of Liège and of the Battle of Tannenberg. From August 1916 his appointment as Quartermaster general made him joint head (with Hindenburg), and chief engineer behind the management of Germany's effort in World War I until his resignation in October 1918. Ludendorff was a recipient of the Grand Cross of the Iron Cross and the Pour le Mérite.
Otto Liman von Sanders (February 17, 1855 – August 22, 1929) was a German general who served as adviser and military commander for the Ottoman Empire during World War I. In 1918, the last year of the war, Liman von Sanders took over command of the Ottoman army during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign, replacing the German General Erich von Falkenhayn who had been defeated by British General Allenby at the end of 1917.