In 1534, Jacques Cartier set sail under a commission from King Francis I of France, hoping to discover a western passage to the wealthy markets of Asia. In the words of the king's commission, he was "to discover certain islands and lands where it is said that a great quantity of gold and other precious things are to be found". Starting on May 10 of that year, he explored parts of Newfoundland, the areas now known as the Canadian Atlantic provinces and the Gulf of St. Lawrence.
Part II. Samuel de Champlain (c.1570-1635) He returned in 1608, founded Quebec, and established the first white settlement in New France. In 1609, he reached Lake Champlain in New York; later, mapped Lake Huron, and made this part of North America known to the world. He was governor of New France in 1626; his collected "Works," published in 1622-36, remain a great account of conquest and exploration.
David Thompson, Canadian fur trader, surveyor, and map-maker, of the North West Company here on his trip from the Fort Edmonton, across the Rockies and down the Columbia River to the Pacific Ocean. [1806-08]
Frontier-- is the political and geographical areas near or beyond a boundary. The term came from French in the 15th century, with the meaning "borderland"—the region of a country that fronts on another country (see also marches).
1805: Sacajawea interprets Lewis and Clark's intentions to the Chinook Indians. Sacajawea, a young Shoshone Indian was married to French Canadian fur trader Toussaint Charbonneau who was acting as the expedition's guide across the Rocky Mountains in Oregon Country. Original Artist - Charles Russell (Photo by MPI/Getty Images)
William Clark moved to Louisville as a preteen with his parents & siblings to be closer to his big brother George Rogers Clark. At the age of 13/14 years, he was with Colonel Richard Anderson to rescue survivors of the Chenoweth Massacre. As an adult, he co-led the Lewis & Clark Expedition 1803-1806.