Jelly Roll Morton, was an American ragtime and early jazz pianist, bandleader and composer. Widely recognized as a pivotal figure in early jazz, Morton is perhaps most notable as jazz's first arranger, proving that a genre rooted in improvisation could retain its essential spirit and characteristics when notated. His composition "Jelly Roll Blues" was the first published jazz composition, in 1915.
Abbey Lincoln: Anna Marie Wooldridge, known by her stage name Abbey Lincoln, was an American jazz vocalist, songwriter, and actress, who wrote and performed her own compositions. She was a civil rights advocate during the 1960's. Born: August 6, 1930, Chicago, IL Died: August 14, 2010, Manhattan Movies: For Love of Ivy, Nothing But a Man, Mo' Better Blues, Great Women Singers of the 20th Century: Abbey Lincoln